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How to maintain balance while riding a horse


It is believed that if a rider learns to properly ride a horse and hold it in a saddle, then a gallop becomes the least tedious gait. But for this you will have to learn a lot, and at the initial stage the gallop presents difficulties for both man and horse. It is difficult to get the horse to gallop, because of the strong jumps and the asymmetry of the ride, it is difficult for the rider to stay in the saddle.

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How to transfer a horse to a gallop?

Horse allure training begins from 2-3 weeks after birth. Naturally, it is impossible to force the foal to gallop at this stage. The first classes are held on the cord - a long rope with which the trainer controls the animal, and it takes several days to give freedom to the baby - let it move as it wants. Only gradually will you be forced (pulling the cord, striking the whip) to transfer the animal to a trot and step. When the horse has mastered these gaits, they begin to accelerate it, stimulating galloping.

Already strong animals are tamed for horseback riding. Here, too, initially they simply put a saddle on a horse, and then they accustom them to a rider. Then the assistant takes the horse on a walk, gradually moving to a light trot. When the horse got used to the rider, it is possible to carry out movements without a cord.

Going to a gallop can be difficult for both a horse and a person. At the same time, an experienced horse can independently switch to this gait either at the command of a trainer, even under a novice rider. Therefore, training in galloping is best done on adult animals and under the supervision of a specialist.

To change the gait, the horse sends a message:

  • the rider’s body weight is shifted to the side,
  • creates the prerequisite for moving in a circle,
  • the thigh of the rider’s inner leg extends forward,
  • the outer leg’s chenkel should rest against the croup,
  • do not allow even double-sided pressing with schenkels - this makes you switch to frisky trot,
  • occasions weaken, giving freedom of movement forward.

The key action of the rider, prompting the gallop, is the pressure of the Shenkel. When working with a horse, you can learn certain commands that make animal control easier. So, you can accustom a horse to a whip, a certain shout.

Learning to enter turns

A lot of space is necessary for galloping - this is a quick gait, so the horse instantly overcomes great distances. Most often, for training a horse, a jump on the cord is used - a long rope, one end which is attached to the horse, and the other is held by the trainer. The movement in a circle for the horse is not difficult, even if it gallops. Indeed, with a monotonous movement, the horse always makes the same sequence of steps. But if you need to turn the horse in a different direction, then you will encounter a problem.

It is important to turn on a horse galloping towards its leading leg.

At a slow gallop, the horse adjusts itself to the movement. During the training period you will have no difficulties in managing. Unless you should carry the weight in the direction of the planned turn, so as not to fly out of the saddle. In a completely different way, a turn is made at speed, with stubborn animals or in the presence of a possible danger on the future path.

Before turning, you need to correctly put the leading leg. The rider first of all takes a normal position on the horse, and when the pace is leveled, it shifts the body towards a future turn. The legs scankel from the side of the planned turn is pressed to the girth, and the outer one is behind it. There should be a small promise with legs, after which the horse should change the position of the limbs to the desired one.

When you have reached the correct position of the limbs, you can begin to turn. By pulling the halter from the inside, the head is tilted in the right direction. The radius of the passage of the turn is controlled by an external occasion and the pressed schenkel, and the horse is sent forward with the inner leg, setting the pace.

You can control the correctness of cornering in the wake of a horse. Normally, the hind limbs should follow the forelimbs, that is, the prints either coincide or are located as close as possible - this is called a volt. It’s difficult to achieve the right galloping technique - you need to coordinate your actions precisely. Especially often horses cut corners during training in arenas - in this case, the pelvic limbs go beyond the chest ones. To correct the movement, you need to press harder with the inner schenkel - squeeze the horse out of the circle.

To train the horse and rider, they train to increase and decrease the volt. To this end, they force the horse to move in a spiral, that is, so that the hind limbs either go beyond the chest, or vice versa - do not reach them. In order to make a decrease in volt, it is necessary to press harder with the external Shenkel, while not needing to stretch the internal occasion excessively. To increase the turning radius, the horse is guided from the circle by pressing with the schenkel on the inner surface.

Proper fit

A lot depends on how you sit in the saddle while galloping. Firstly, a certain position of the arms, legs and body is important for controlling the horse. Secondly, if you are sitting incorrectly, then you get tired quickly, it is possible the displacement of muscles, joints, vertebrae - serious injuries are not uncommon.

First of all, learning to ride a horse, it is necessary to maintain balance. You need to sit in the saddle freely at any pace of the gallop - you should not grab, mane, reins or tightly squeeze the sides with your feet. The easiest way to learn balance is at a step - your back should be perpendicular to the saddle, head to look forward, and the pelvis should be strictly in the center of the saddle. The position of the legs and arms while maintaining balance does not matter - you work with the body and the greatest burden falls on the muscles of the lower back, abdominal muscles.

It is customary to distinguish between two main types of landing when galloping - manezhnaya and field. The first differs little from landing when moving on a trot - you sit upright, tightly covering your horse’s sides with your legs. A tight fit (holding in the saddle with your feet) avoids leg friction and the formation of scuffs.

A completely different type during field planting is speed racing, overcoming obstacles. Frisky gallop is accompanied by strong blows that need to be compensated by the work of the joints of the legs. The stirrups are slightly raised up, the rider should stand up a little (do not need to get up high - this is a common mistake, leading to a loss of balance), the shoulders are straight and the loins are bent forward.

Moving in a straight line, the shankels are placed behind the cinch. Feet in stirrups rest against a wide part. With each jump, the rider additionally rests on the stirrups and stands up. Then it gently lowers into the saddle. This reduces impact. Lowering into the saddle occurs during the fourth step. It is important to keep the horse’s body tight all the time with the shafts and rest against the stirrups so that all the time a little over the saddle. To control the landing, you should look at yourself from the side (if you ride without a trainer), for this you can shoot a video of your ride at a gallop, and then parse the errors.

Holding hands is a mistake

The first and most obvious reason is to grab hold of something with our hands when we feel we are losing balance. But when you are riding a horse, this is extremely undesirable, because here your hands are responsible for control, and the horse has a very sensitive mouth. If you grab onto the reins, trying to hold on, you will cause the horse pain and inconvenience, causing psychological stress. Also, your active pulling on the reins will simply prevent the horse from moving forward. This is not an effective way to maintain balance on the horse, because the horse’s body is very flexible and not stable, and to maintain balance you need to find the connection between your body and the horse’s body through the saddle. When you are sitting on a horse - do not lean forward, you may lose contact with the horse's body and lose balance.

Leaning forward is a mistake

The reaction that keeps you from finding the right position on the horse is your instinct to lean forward when you feel the horse move underneath. This is because when you feel the horse’s power passing through the horse’s back (front to back), you instinctively contrast yourself with this movement and carry the weight forward so that you don’t feel lean back. Try to relax and maintain balance in the pelvic area (forward, following the movement of the horse) with your shoulders leaning slightly back while doing so. You kind of rush your center of balance forward, following the impulse of the horse's body.

Leaning forward is also a natural human reflex, for example, the famous embryo pose in order to protect ourselves when we are at risk. When mounted on a horse, it is also a defensive position when the rider's shoulders are extended forward relative to the pelvis.

But the problem is that leaning forward, we lose our connection with the horse’s body, because we transfer our weight from the pelvic region, where we can best connect to the horse’s movements. Only when we become one with the horse can we be completely safe on the horse, and be in harmony with its movements.

The forward inclination is even slightly from the vertical axis - the inclination of the rider's pelvis. In this position, the pelvic bones, which are involved in movement, point back against the direction of the horse’s energy, which increases the load on the spine, compression of the vertebrae upon impact and possible damage to the spine. Balancing in the saddle occurs due to the correct position of the pelvis, finding it in suspension and muscle work.

Another reason why leaning forward does not help balance the horse and rider is because the horse is already moving about two-thirds of its weight forward (on the front legs) and this is good for the natural balance of the horse without the rider. But when the rider adds his weight, the horse is forced to compensate for this, and the rider’s leaning forward and moving the center of gravity forward further only aggravates the situation.

Horses cannot do what they cannot do

A change in the horse’s balance from place occurs from the shoulder, we balance by lifting the pelvis from the saddle and straining the muscles. When the pelvis passively falls onto the saddle, it does not help the work of the hind legs of the horse, and instead moves in the opposite direction of movement of the hind legs of the horse, not participating in the movement, but rather interfering.

Proper balancing of the rider on the horse is more important for the horse than for the rider. Otherwise, the horse will feel tension and anxiety.

Raising the center of gravity is a mistake

Sitting on a horse, we lift the weight up from the saddle, and from the horse’s own center of gravity. Often this is the result of the rider’s stress when we don’t feel balance and control in the upper part of the horse, and this is an instinctive desire to increase his weight on the horse’s back. The shoulders tighten and the pelvis is even less connected to the horse’s back. The rider’s center of gravity is further separated from the horse’s center of gravity. In this case, you will also feel tense.

All these errors in the technique of a proper horseback riding are the result of the lack of unity between the rider and the horse, and the rider’s deceptive feeling that he must forcefully stay in the saddle to control the situation and maintain some balance. This approach is not productive, on the contrary, since it blocks the energy of the horse’s movement and makes the horse tense. This prevents the rider and horse from gymnastically connecting properly.

Hold on to the horse by the hips

The hip joint is probably the most important joint in the rider's body, because it acts as a hinge between the legs and the upper body of the rider. To create a balanced position on the horse, which is independent of the reins, the rider must use the work of the joints in full.

The problem is that our hips very often lack elasticity and our lifestyle is largely to blame for this, maybe. how we spend a lot of time sitting on the hip joints in a closed position and immobility, leading to joint stiffness. Some of us have more stiffness in the hip joints than others, but all riders must develop a sprain in that joint.

What happens when riding our hips do not have elasticity. We try to keep the balance with shankels, the upper body stretches forward, which leads to problems. In the same way, when a rider tries to move his upper body back without elasticity in his hips - his legs are pulled forward as if sitting on a chair. The position of the pelvis also depends on the position of the hip joint and the rider must make a lot of effort to achieve the correct position of the pelvis and legs. Any rider can achieve flexibility in the hips if he knows how to train correctly and consistently and spares no effort.

Center of gravity offset

The rider must always strive to abandon his center of gravity for the sake of the horse, so that the unification of the two body masses is achieved. Only when the rider can fully adapt to the movement of the horse, you can begin training to develop the right balance when riding a horse.

Quite often, when training in dressage, there is an erroneous opinion that the rider should try to climb in the saddle to help the horse raise his back without overloading it. This is a misunderstanding because a horse is much more comfortable with a rider who has become fully part of her movement than wearing someone who is trying to soar above her.

There is no secret and the rider can physically become easier sitting on the horse, but due to harmonization with its movement and the creation of a single mass, when the negative effect of the rider's weight is removed. To do this, the rider must give up his weight completely and point the center of gravity down on the saddle, while keeping the neck, shoulders and lower back relaxed.

The fact is that the front part of the rider’s pelvis is fixed by the abdominal muscles in combination with the thigh tension, while the rider’s weight does not go into the saddle like dead weight, but like glue connecting the rider with the horse.

Sitting in the center

Both horses and people - all have a natural asymmetry, which means that sitting on a horse, we almost always slightly bend to one side or the other. In fact, as a rule, the saddle is shifted relative to the spine of the horse, and you can sit on another part of the saddle to compensate for this.

There are several things that help align this asymmetry:

  1. Horse curvature - all horses have one side that is naturally convex and the other that is concave. The horseman seeks to move to the concave side
  2. Horseman curvature - we all have one side of our body, which is more strongly lowered, take this into account when sitting on the back of a horse
Depending on how these factors interact, a rider’s fit on a horse can be more or less offset from the center in relation to the horse’s spine because different factors cancel each other out. In any case, it is very important to resolve these inconsistencies so that the horse and rider move more directly, and the gymnastic purity of their movements is achieved.

The rider can check and control his central position along the same line of the bows of the saddle and the spine of the horse under it, as well as making sure that he sits absolutely centered in the saddle. This should be checked both front and back, so you have to ask someone to tell you if you are sitting directly on the saddle from the back. And after the rider finds out his asymmetry and curvature of the horse, this knowledge should be used to carefully eliminate this as much as possible.

The last important point is that the rider should never fidget on his own in dissonance to the movements of the horse, for example, moving from place to place or moving from side to side.

We can only follow the movement of the horse. We can change direction and restore balance again. When the rider has mastered this method of landing, he becomes completely independent of the reins to achieve balance and safety. At the same time, control over the horse is almost completely achieved by landing, legs and weight transfer, when the hands are almost not involved in the management.

Such a fit is also much more convenient and healthy for the horse and rider, because the force vectors act in concert.

Usually, based on the performance of certain movements, our results in dressage may be limited, but we achieve the quality of movement through constant training. When we encounter difficulties with our horses in terms of their preparation or management, we don’t think about changing the horse, we work to fix the problems. This is the only way to become a confident, efficient and skillful rider.

Choose a place

First, decide what you want. Engage in professionally or ride a couple of times a month? Let's say your goal is regular training. Not to become a professional jockey. Pure for yourself. Then contact the equestrian club, where there are professional trainers.

Если же вы учитесь ездить на лошади с той целью, чтобы периодически ходить в конные походы, лететь через поля на полном галопе и просто получать удовольствие от катания, то смело можно отправиться в близлежащую конюшню. В конюшнях, как правило, нет профессиональных тренеров. Под профессиональными подразумеваются бывшие участники конно-спортивных соревнований.

Определяемся с лошадью

How to learn to ride a horse on horseback, consider below. Now we will decide which horse is suitable for this.

It often happens that people turning to the stable exaggerate their skills. A man who knows how to ride a weak trot, declares that he keeps well in a saddle at a gallop. One who sat in the saddle twice in childhood recalls these moments. And he says that he has horse-riding skills. Instructors select a horse depending on the skills of the rider. And then it turns out that our rider can’t get into the saddle either, what a gallop.

Therefore, do not ascribe to yourself non-existent achievements. Honestly, in communication with horses - "zero". This will help to choose the right horse for us.

What kind of horses are found in stables and equestrian centers?

Rolling. These hard workers "yard" breeding. In other words, village outbred horses or redeemed from hire. They are used to riders and are suitable for beginners.

Workers Most often, these live in equestrian centers. These horses are former away or competitive. In general, those who happened to participate in competitions. They are very beautiful, but with character. And suitable for people who have communication skills with horsemen.

You know how to sit in the saddle, keep your horse perfectly when it is walking, and the last time you rode on it for years. twenty back? So you can be content with rolling animals.

If you went in for horse riding or just know how to ride with dignity, feel great at a trot, and a gallop is not a fantasy, then you can ask for a workhorse.

Riding styles

How to ride a horse? Before you climb into the saddle, you need to know what awaits you there.

Basically, horses move in steps, trot or gallop:

When the animal walks, it rhythmically rearranges its legs. The rider sways in time with the horse's movements.

When trotting, the horse runs slightly. And the rider "bounces" in the saddle.

Gallop is the fastest movement. The newly-minted "jockey" is sitting in the saddle, he is not shaking. But to stay on the horse at such a speed is quite difficult.

Therefore, experts recommend to beginners: start learning with a step movement. Do not immediately go to a gallop, despite the warning of the coach. You run the risk of flying out of the saddle, literally.

How to ride a horse? Before starting this business, it is necessary to choose clothes. Other newbies immediately buy a "jockey suit". Snow-white breeches, high black boots, gaiters are an element of protection worn on shoes. Oh yes, they forgot about the helmet and gloves. Nowhere without them.

Stop, dear riders. Indeed, gloves and a helmet will come in handy. The rest is a business. Breeches are replaced with tight leggings, leggings or seamless jeans. As for the latter, they are not recommended to wear. American pants have very rough seams. And the rider runs the risk of rubbing his hips and legs.

Comfortable shoes should be on your feet. Someone prefers sneakers, someone prefers shoes with very low and wide heels. Gloves can be either rag or leather. They serve in order not to rub calluses on the hands. A helmet is needed to protect against a fall. Of course, it is not a fact that the rider will fall off his horse. But everything happens in life, it’s better not to risk it.

We sit in the saddle

The rider is equipped, the horse too. She is led to the rider, he lifts his leg. And she understands that the stretch does not allow her to be inserted into the stirrup. Beginners are advised: start landing with a special stand. From her it is much easier to climb a horse.

By the way, they sit on a horse on its left side. How it's done?

The reason is placed on the horse’s neck, the rider tightly clamps his ends in the palm of his hand. At the same time, without pulling, just slightly holding.

The left leg is inserted into the stirrup.

The rider holds his weight on his right foot. Quickly pushes off and throws her over the saddle.

After landing, the right leg is inserted into the stirrup.

The rider comfortably sits in the saddle, evenly distributing his body weight at the "fifth point".

First lessons

How to ride a horse, instructor will tell. Here will be touched on some of the basics of this science:

The first classes will be held on the cord. Korda is a long occasion by which an instructor controls an animal. The rider needs to relax completely. The very first lesson is dedicated to this skill. The instructor, most often, recommends that the rider close his eyes. And lower your hands, feeling the horse’s body movements.

After the rider has learned this, he will need to understand how to handle the horse properly. The saddle is not so much important as the occasion. A man sitting in a saddle does not hurt a horse. If you don’t beat it with your heels in the sides with all its might, of course. A reason is a source of pain for the animal. With a sharp pull of it, iron can injure the horse's mouth. Do not forget, the horse has iron in his mouth.

How to ride a horse when it is striding? This is the easiest moment. Hold the animal’s sides firmly with its legs, as if “hugging” it in this way. Hands are relaxed, no reason to pull. The horse walks rhythmically and calmly, and the rider sways to the beat of his steps.

We translate the horse to a lynx

How to ride a horse when it goes trot? It is worth saying: without an appropriate command, the animal will not trot. And right to give a command is a whole science. It can be both physical impact and voice. How to work on a particular horse, the instructor will say. We need to know the following:

When it comes to physical impact, it can be of several types. At the first, the rider spurs the horse, slightly hitting it in the sides with heels. It’s impossible to beat from the full scale. The horse will be hurt, and he will be completely right if he wants to get rid of the rude rider.

The second option - the legs are retracted, and the rider makes a push with the hull, urging the horse to go to a lynx. Just keep in mind that not all horses are familiar with this team.

Voice action implies a but command. Some animals respond to tongue clicks or smacking.

With an inexperienced rider, the first lessons in trotting are always conducted by an instructor. And surely they are held in the indoor arena.

Learning to Trot

How to ride a horse if she switched to a lynx? In the saddle, you still need to stay. Everything is not as complicated as it seems. With each movement of the animal, the rider rises in the saddle, and then falls:

When the horse makes a move, taking his shoulder forward, the rider leans with both legs into the stirrups and raises his pelvis above the saddle. Be careful, with this movement, the inner hind leg of the horse and the outer front leg are involved.

After the animal has “changed legs”, the front becomes internal. The back turns into an external one. And here the rider descends back into the saddle. This is done carefully so as not to damage the horse’s back.

You need to rise, taking the case forward. If you stop moving up and down, you lose the horse's rhythm.

Go to the gallop

One of the most common questions is how to gallop on a horse. It is known that this type of ride is the most difficult.

It is worth starting with the fact that you learn to keep balance. This skill is mastered at the stage of a step. And it looks something like this:

The rider's shoulders are straight.

The loin is bent forward.

Legs tightly grasp the sides of the horse. The shafts and inner thighs are pressed against the saddle.

Hands tightly squeeze the occasion, but do not pull it.

Grabbing a horse’s mane or saddle is not allowed.

Gallop can be of two types: drill and field. The first is much easier than the second. There are no obstacles. The horseman is sitting in the saddle, not getting up. The body and legs work, the main task of the rider is to maintain balance.

There are obstacles in a field gallop. And here it is more difficult, it is necessary to maintain balance when the horse begins to overcome these obstacles. How to do it? Rising in the saddle. It is not necessary to rise high, it threatens the loss of balance. And to fall under the hooves of a horse galloping is a dubious pleasure.

How to fall?

How to ride a horse in steps, trot and gallop, we figured out. But there is another issue that needs to be considered. How to fall from a horse?

You should not be afraid of falls, it is an integral part of equestrian sport. And those who practice for themselves know about it.

If the horse has suffered, immediately release the legs from the stirrups. Because if the leg gets stuck in it when falling, a person risks breaking it. After the legs are free, we try to fall on the side of the horse. And you have to fall on your side, and not on your back or face down. If possible, press your arms to your chest in flight. The probability of breaking them will be minimal.

If the horse decided that he needed to make a candle, rise above the saddle. And carry body weight to the horse’s neck. Wrap your arms around her neck, trying to put pressure on her so that she returns to her normal starting position. The fall at the time of the candle ends in failure both for the rider and the horse.

Does the animal begin to "bite"? In no case should you lean back. Fly over the horse’s head, directly under the front legs. We lean back, legs tightly clutching the body of the animal. We pull the reins with all our might. The pain will make the horse "recover." If the fall is not avoided, then it is advisable to fall on the side of the mount.


Riding lessons are not as safe as they seem. It should be ready for anything. How to ride a horse, how to fall from it and what types of horse movements exist, we have examined.

They also learned about the initial ammunition of the rider. And about where you can learn the basics of riding or just ride a horse.