Now everyone will be able to install Linux Mint or any other distribution kit on a computer with macOS, Windows or already installed on completely clean media.
In general, OC Linux is installed for various reasons. For example, it is not possible to install a new version of Windows or macOS on your very old computer. Perhaps you need unique programs that are available only on Linux. And most likely you are bored with Windows (macOS). Although it happens this way: you bought a computer, but OC was not installed on it and you decided to save on the OS, because all Linux distributions are absolutely free.
Installing this OC is a snap. Without a doubt, there are distributions like Arch that are hard to install for a beginner. But almost all new distributions install much easier, and most importantly faster than its competitors Windows or macOS.
Before you start installing this OC on your working computer: it is recommended to download all the important documents, photos and other files to the cloud, because when working with memory allocation for the distribution kit, you can accidentally format the media and everything that is on the hard drive, will be deleted without the possibility of recovery. But following our instructions, everything will be fine. You can also use Linux as a second OS.
1. Download the distribution
You should start by choosing a distribution. Here you will find our publications useful:
After choosing the distribution, environment and bit depth, you need to download it. But how to do it?
You can download the Russian version of Linux Mint directly from our website. To do this, select the capacity of your processor and the required version of the OS. We recommend downloading the distribution using the torrent client, as via torrent, this is much faster than downloading directly from the server.
2. Burn distribution to USB or CD
You do not need third-party utilities to burn your OC to CD media; you can use the standard utilities available on Windows and macOS. You just need to right-click on the downloaded ISO file, then select the appropriate tab.
But to write it to a USB drive, you need the Rufus utility (for Windows) and UNetbootin (for macOS). Understand them is not difficult.
Open the start menu and write "Creating and formatting hard disk partitions." Open this control panel and select the railway section from which you want to cut off the space under the OC. Right-click on the section and select "Compress Volume". In most cases, under Linux, 20 Gb is enough, but if you are going to install voluminous programs and utilities, then put more.
This process will take a long time, so you have to wait. When volume compression is complete, a new unallocated space will appear. It will be highlighted in black, well you will notice. This is where your distribution will be installed.
On macOS, this is also easy. This is done through the default Disk Utility. You need to select your disk, click on the "+" icon and create a partition.
4. Bootloader preparation
Let's start with a more complex OC - it's macOS. How to prepare the bootloader on this system? Making it harder on apple devices than on others, but everyone can do it. First, turn off SIP. First of all, press Cmd + R.
The Recovery menu should open. Select "Terminal" in it, then enter this command - csrutil disable. Reboot the device - SIP is disabled. After that, you will need to download and install the rEFInd program. This program will allow you to run macOS, Windows and Linux on your device, because the default boot camp program can only run Windows and macOS.
Unzip the downloaded utility, after that, open the "terminal" again and enter the "diskutil list" command. Look in the list that appears for your EFI bootloader (mostly / dec / disk0s1). Next, enter the command - mount / dec / disk0s1 by dragging and dropping the install.sh file (which is located in the unpacked folder) into the terminal, install the utility.
If you have installed Windows 7 or an older version, just skip this step.
If you have a version of Windows 8 or a newer version, then you use the UEFI bootloader, it will not allow you to run any other OC. So now you are going to fix it. First of all, reboot your PC and go into the BIOS settings, find the function - Secure Boot and disable it, that's all done. It remains to install your new OC.
6. Start of installation
After starting from the media, you will be greeted by the Linux installation window. Almost all distributions use the same installation sequence. Select the system language, then click "Install." Follow the steps as in the screenshot.
Note! If you have poor internet, then you should not choose the first item, because all the latest updates will be downloaded and it will take a lot of time with a poor internet connection.
7. Disk Partitioning
At this step you should be more careful. This step is divided into two parts, in which there are two types of installation (automatic and manual).
- The first part is for those who want to install Linux Mint as the main OC.
- The second is for those who want to install Linux and leave the main OC.
Previously, Linux Mint could be installed with various shells: Fluxbox, MATE, KDE, LXDE, Xfce. But over time, the developers abandoned most of the interfaces, leaving for the moment only MATE, Xfce and their shell - Cinnamon. It is over Cinnamon that more efforts are made and in the release of 19 Tara, a significant increase in optimization is noticeable.
This tutorial will use the latest Linux Mint 19 Tara release at the time of writing, which in turn is based on LTS (English support over time) Ubuntu 18.04. The first step is to choose the bit size of the distribution you want to download, it is easy to do this:
- For older computers with RAM less than three gigabytes - 32-bit image
- For computers with more RAM than four gigabytes - a 64-bit image.
A 32-bit image was chosen as an example.
After that, the question arises about the shell. As mentioned above, developers are gradually abandoning other people's shells, focusing on their own. Make a choice based on the capabilities of the computer. Most resources require Cinnamon, least - Xfce. It is more profitable to install LM with the main shell, as it is more modern and has a full-featured desktop. If the PC does not allow this and there is a need for Xfce, then it is better to abandon Linux Mint and turn your attention to Xubuntu. The same goes for MATE. That is why the installation of the distribution with the Cinnamon shell will be considered here.
After downloading from the image, you need to make a bootable Live USB flash drive with the OS installer. Linux users can do this directly from the terminal, but from under Windows you will have to download additional software. On the Internet you can find many recommendations, most of which will not work. For the year 2018, there are two most optimal programs that should be considered: UNetbootin and Etcher.
1. Download the Linux distribution
First of all, you need to choose a Linux distribution. DistroWatch.com rating will help you decide.
Then you need to download the selected distribution. To make it easier is easy: open the site of the desired distribution, find the download section and select the one that suits your processor in terms of bit depth.
Typically, Linux distributions on official sites are invited to download in two ways. The first way is a regular download. The second - through P2P through the torrent client. The second way is naturally faster. So choose it if you want to save time.
2. Burn the distribution to media
When the distribution kit in the ISO format is downloaded, you need to burn it to a CD or a regular USB flash drive.
Burning to CD can be done using standard system tools: “Burning a disk image” of Windows or “Disk utility” macOS. Just click on the downloaded image with the right mouse button and select the appropriate item in the menu.
To write the ISO to the USB flash drive, you will need special utilities. For Windows, it's best to choose Rufus, and for macOS, UNetbootin. These programs have a very simple interface, it is quite difficult to get confused in them.
3. Prepare a disk partition
This item should be followed if you want to keep your system installed and use Linux simultaneously with it. If you decide to transfer your computer to Linux completely or install the OS on an empty hard drive, skip the paragraph.
Open the Windows Disk Management Tool. Select the drive or partition from which you plan to cut off some space for installing Linux. Most distributions have more than 10 GB. But if you plan to install many applications, take more. Right-click on the section and select “Compress Volume”. Enter the size and click OK.
The process can take quite a while, so be patient.
When the "Disk Management Tool" finishes resizing the partitions, an empty unallocated space marked in black will appear on the disk. There we will install Linux.
Later, if you don’t need Linux, you can delete the partitions with it and give the free space back to Windows using the same “Disk Management Tools”.
You can allocate space for installing Linux through the MacOS Disk Utility. Select your drive and click on the “+” icon to create a partition for Linux. Creating a new partition may take some time.
Select only if you want to set the size of each section individually. To do this, select the last line "Another option".
Here you can completely manage your railway: allocate space for each section, delete sections, create them, etc.
To install the distribution kit instead of your OC, you need to click on the section where your old Windows or macOS OS is located, delete it by clicking on the "-" icon.
After that, create new sections that you need. Set the same settings as in the screenshots, with the exception of sizes, you choose them yourself. Also do not forget about SWAP - a section that is necessary for owners of computers with RAM up to 8GB.
In the list of file systems, select "Swap Partition", otherwise the settings are the same as for the partition under OC.
After you click "Continue" and also confirm the changes, the installation process will begin.
4. Prepare the bootloader
This item applies only to new computers running preinstalled Windows 10, 8.1 or 8. These computers use the UEFI bootloader, which will not allow you to boot any system other than Windows.
To fix this, go to your computer’s BIOS settings and disable the Secure Boot option. Then reboot. Done, now you can download and install other systems near your Windows.
Unlike most computers, a Mac requires a couple of extra steps to install Linux on a dual boot with macOS.
First off, disable SIP. Restart your Mac and press Cmd + R. The Recovery menu appears. Select "Terminal" in it and enter csrutil disable.
Restart your Mac again. SIP is disabled.
Download and install rEFInd. The built-in Boot Camp utility can help you install only Windows. rEFInd can load macOS, Windows, and Linux. So you can choose which system will boot at startup.
Unpack rEFInd. Then open “Terminal” and enter diskutil list. Find the name of your EFI bootloader in the list that appears. Most often it is / dev / disk0s1.
Type mount / dev / disk0s1 and start the installation of rEFInd by dragging install.sh from the unpacked folder into the “Terminal.
8. Complete installation
After the installation is completed, you will be asked to enter the city in which you are in a window in order to determine your time zone. After you will need to enter your name, computer name and come up with a password. Be sure to remember the password, because you will need it to enter the system, work in the terminal, and much more.
Upon completion of the installation, you will need to remove the installation media and restart your computer. By the way, do not forget to return the boot order of the media in the BIOS settings (if you changed the order).
What to do after reboot?
After the reboot, you can do the same thing as before in Windows and macOS: work, play, sit in social services. networks, watch movies and stuff like that. Be sure to update through the terminal and see what the Application Store offers you in order to install the programs you need.
Install Linux Mint
The Linux Mint distribution, like any other Linux-based distribution, is not demanding on the hardware of the computer. But in order to avoid a senseless waste of time, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with its system requirements on the official website.
The article will demonstrate the installation of the distribution with the Cinnamon working environment, but you can define any other for yourself, the main thing is that your computer possesses sufficient technical characteristics. Among other things, you should have at least a 2 GB Flash drive with you. An OS image will be recorded on it for further installation.
6. Start installing Linux
Welcome to the Linux installer. For an example we will take the distribution kit of Ubuntu. But the installation processes of Mint, openSUSE, Fedora, Debian, Manjaro, and most other distributions are almost identical.
An exception is distributions using the pseudographic installer. The only serious difference between such an installer - in it you have to choose the options using the keys. Otherwise, everything is the same.
Select the language you want to use in the system, and click "Install." Then check “Install third-party software” so that Linux can use proprietary drivers and codecs. The option “Download updates during installation” can be turned on or left off if you do not have a very fast Internet connection.
How to install Linux instead of the current system
So, you decided to install Linux instead of your current system (or on an empty hard drive). There are two options.
The installer will erase all data from your disk, create new partitions and install the system without bothering you with unnecessary questions. To do this, select "Erase disk and install Linux." Before you perform a clean installation, save your files to another hard drive or to cloud storage.
It is suitable if you want to set the sizes for your partitions yourself or, for example, create a separate section for your files. To do this, select "Another option" and click "Continue."
Linux will display what partitions you have on your computer. You can delete them, format them, or, conversely, do not touch sections with the information that you want to save.
To install Linux instead of your system, select the partition with the installed system and delete it with the “-” button. Then, in the free space, create new partitions.
- The root partition for Linux system files. Select the Ext4 file system and mount point /.
- A swap partition, or a swap partition, is useful if you do not have enough RAM, but a fast SSD. In the list of file systems, select Swap Partition.
- Home section where your files will be stored. Select the Ext4 file system and the mount point / home.
Click Continue and confirm the changes. The installer will erase the partitions you selected and create new ones in the free space.
How to install Linux next to the current system
There are two ways to install Linux next to your system.
Most Linux installers immediately detect your installed systems. If you have not created a separate disk space for Linux, then you can try to select "Install next to Windows." The installer will create the necessary partitions on its own, and you will not have to do anything manually.
If you want to determine how much space to allocate to the system yourself and follow the instructions in step 3, click “Another option” and click “Continue”. You will see the partitions of your disk and the empty space that we have prepared for Linux. Create a root partition there (mount point /), as described above. In this case, the home section is optional: you can copy and modify files in your main system.
Click Continue. The installer will leave your files in their places. It will simply create new partitions in free space. You can choose which system you want to load at startup.
8. Complete the installation of Linux
Then everything is simple. The installer may ask you where you are to determine the time zone, and prompt you to select your preferred input language.
Then you will be asked to introduce yourself. Enter your name and create a password. Do not forget the password, because you will constantly need it to perform tasks on behalf of everyone. If you wish, you can encrypt your home folder.
Then just wait. When the installation is complete, you will be prompted to remove the installation disk and reboot. Do not forget to disable the boot from external drives in the BIOS if you enabled it.
Step 4: Start Installation
To start installing Linux Mint, you need to follow these steps:
- Starting the computer from a USB flash drive, the installer menu will be displayed in front of you. It is necessary to choose "Start Linux Mint".
После довольно продолжительной загрузки вы попадете на рабочий стол пока еще не установленной системы. Кликните по ярлыку «Install Linux Mint», чтобы запустить программу установки.
Примечание: войдя в ОС с флешки, вы можете полноценно пользоваться ею, хотя она еще и не установлена. Это отличная возможность ознакомиться со всеми ключевыми элементами и определиться, подходит ли Linux Mint вам или нет.
На следующем этапе рекомендуется установить стороннее ПО, это обеспечит работу системы без ошибок сразу после ее инсталляции. Но если интернет-соединение у вас отсутствует, то выбор ничего не изменит, так как все ПО подгружается из сети.
Теперь перед вами стоит выбор, какой тип установки выбрать: автоматический или ручной. Если вы устанавливаете ОС на пустой диск или все данные на нем вам не нужны, то выбирайте «Стереть диск и установить Linux Mint» and click Install Now. In the article, we will analyze the second layout option, so set the switch to "Another variant" and continue with the installation.
After that, the program for marking the hard disk will open. This process is quite complex and voluminous, so below we will consider it in more detail.
Step 5: Disk Partitioning
Manual disk layout allows you to create all the necessary sections for optimal operation of the operating system. In fact, for Mint to work, only one root partition is enough, but in order to increase the level of security and ensure optimal system operation, we will create three: the root, home, and swap partitions.
- The first step is to determine from the list located at the bottom of the window the media on which the GRUB system bootloader will be installed. It is important that it is located on the same drive where the OS will be installed.
Next, you need to create a new partition table by clicking on the button of the same name.
Next, you will need to confirm the action - click on the button "Continue".
Note: if the disk was previously partitioned, and this happens when one OS is already installed on the computer, then this instruction item must be skipped.
A window will open Create Partition. It should specify the size of the allocated space, the type of the new partition, its location, application and mount point. When creating the root partition, it is recommended to use the settings shown in the image below.
After entering all the parameters, press "OK".
Note: if you install the OS on a disk with already existing partitions, then determine the type of partition as “Logical”.
Note: the amount of memory allocated for the swap partition must equal the amount of installed RAM.
Note: under the home partition, select all the remaining disk space.
A window will appear where all the actions that were performed previously will be listed. If you haven’t noticed anything extra, click "Continue"if there are any discrepancies - "Return".
This marks the disk layout, and it remains only to make some system settings.
What to do after installation
When you reboot and your Linux desktop appears in front of you, you can do the same as on Windows and macOS: surf the Internet, edit documents and listen to music. Do not forget to upgrade and look at the "Application Store" (or its analogue depending on the distribution kit) in order to reinstall the applications you need.
Try Linux, and you will see that in everyday life it is no more complicated than Windows or macOS.
Step 6: Complete Installation
The system has already begun to be installed on your computer, at this time you are prompted to configure some of its elements.
- Enter your location and click "Continue". There are two ways to do this: click on the map or enter a settlement manually. Your computer time will depend on your place of residence. If you provided incorrect information, you can change it after installing Linux Mint.
Define a keyboard layout. By default, the appropriate language for the installer is selected. Now you can change it. This parameter can be set in the same way after the installation of the system.
Fill out your profile. You must enter your name (you can enter it in Cyrillic), computer name, username and password. Pay special attention to the username, as through it you will receive superuser rights. Also at this stage you can determine whether to automatically log in to the system, or ask for a password each time you start the computer. As for encryption of the home folder, check the box if you plan to configure a remote connection to the computer.
Note: when you set a password of only a few characters, the system writes that it is short, but this does not mean that it cannot be used.
After all user data is specified, the configuration will be completed and you just have to wait for the Linux Mint installation process to complete. You can monitor the progress by focusing on the indicator at the bottom of the window.
Note: during installation, the system remains operational, so you can minimize the installer window and use it.
Upon completion of the installation process, you will be offered a choice of two options: remain in the current system and continue to study it or restart the computer and enter the installed OS. Remaining, keep in mind that after a reboot all the changes made will disappear.
Thank the author, share the article on social networks.
More articles on this topic:
At the first installation on a virtual machine, it asks for a username and password ... but how do I know them? I am new, I want to try. Maybe you can help me with advice. Thank you in advance.
Hello. We will be happy to help! In fact, after installing Linux Mint (even on a computer, even on a virtual machine), the system will ask for a password at the first start. You entered it directly during installation. The input window is shown in the image. If you are prompted for a username and password, then try to enter the data that you specified, again, when installing the system itself. For more accurate recommendations, describe verbatim what you did for and where exactly the problems arose.
I stopped at step 7. After clicking the Install button, the message “The root file system is not defined” now appears. Help me fix it. I tried to install the same message on all created partitions.
Hello, Oksana. The reason for the appearance of this message may lie in the unassigned connection point. If this is not the case, then check if the checkbox on the "Format" item is worth it. If this does not help, then please send a screenshot or an ordinary photo from a mobile with the layout of your disk, this will help solve the problem.
Hello Oksana, it will be easier for you to erase this wasp, if only you installed and installed in a new way, the root file system is indicated in the section: / with this oblique line Jose and everything else he will open for me ten times since. Another village memory does not change allow no more to put the three primary sections, now it’s become much easier and earlier it was simply impossible, so break through a little persistence and it will work out soon, too, I will put it even though I live on the street.
How to tear down Linux Mint OS? Tortured already. Thank you in advance !
Hello, Ruslan. As I understand it, you need to consider the situation when Linux Mint is installed next to another operating system, for example, Windows. In this case, you need to make some preparations so that after removing Linux Mint from the hard drive, Windows starts.
1. You need to restore the Windows boot loader, thereby removing GRUB. We have articles on this topic on the site that explain everything intelligibly. Here is an article for Windows XP - / windows-xp-boot-loader-restore / and for Windows 7 - / recover-mbr-boot-record-in-windows-7 /. If you use a later version of the OS, then apply the instructions to Windows 7 - it is common with the 8th and 10th versions of Windows.
2. Log in to Disk Management. You can learn how to do this from this article: / disk-managment-windows-8 /.
3. Next, delete the volumes whose space is occupied by the Linux Mint operating system. To do this, click on the PCM volume and select the "Delete volume" line. By the way, to determine the correct one for deletion, you can navigate through the file system. On Linux Mint, it can be as follows: ext2, ext3, ext4, and swap (swap partition). it can also be determined by size.
After the volume has been deleted, you can restart the computer - Linux Mint is deleted. If there are any problems during the execution of the instruction, then write in the comments - we will try to figure it out together.
Hello, I have one wasp. I want to reinstall on Windows.
Then it's still easier!
1. You need to record a bootable USB flash drive with the correct version of Windows.
2. Start the computer from it.
3. Install the OS.
You can find out how to do this in these articles:
• creating a bootable flash drive: / how-to-create-a-bootable-usb-flash-drive /
• starting the computer from a flash drive: / how-set-boot-from-flash-drive-bios /
• Windows installation: / how-install-windows-from-flash-or-cd /
Just note that when marking up the hard drive, you must initially delete all partitions completely. It is easy to do this - select the section and click the "Delete" button. After that, you will have unallocated space - create the necessary partitions under Windows and continue the installation.
If you have problems - write.
Good day, the problem is that the BIOS does not start from a flash drive, although everything is set up
Hello. Then there may be two reasons: you incorrectly created a bootable USB flash drive or incorrectly set the BIOS settings. And since you said you were on Linux Mint, I dare to assume that the problem is in the creation. The fact is that the instruction that comes with this link: / how-to-create-a-bootable-usb-flash-drive / is applicable on Windows. You have the option to use it on another Windows computer, or follow these steps on your Linux computer:
1. Download a special program for creating a boot image in Linux: http://wiki.rosalab.ru/en/index.php/ROSA_ImageWriter
2. Run it.
3. Select a preloaded Windows image.
4. Start the process of creating a bootable USB flash drive.
The program has only one option, so do not get confused for sure :). After that, I recommend not to enter the BIOS, but just when rebooting, press F9 until the menu appears. In it, select your flash drive. After that, the Windows installer will start. I hope this helps you for sure, if not, then write the reason - we'll figure it out.
Thank you for the article.
Faced a problem. I have a ACER Aspire ES 11 netbook with 2GB of RAM. everything is successfully installed. and post changes to boot source boot, dark screen and silence. Same thing with Lubuntu, ubuntu, etc. mint assembly.
Tell me what I'm doing wrong. Flash drive, respectively, from the nest
Hello Dmitry. It is not clear what exactly you mean. Please describe in more detail some points:
• Is Linux installation successful for you?
• After rebooting, GRUB (system bootloader) appears, where do you choose Linux to start?
• How many operating systems do you have on your computer?
• What changes do you make to BOOT?
• At what point does the dark screen appear? Immediately after making changes or during computer startup?
• What sections did you create during installation?
Installed Linux Mint 18.1 Cinnamon (64-bit): 18.1 with the creation of 3 partitions (swapping) of the root / and Home Exit with rebooting the PC. The flash drive is removed. The black screen with the cursor at the top. After entering the BIOS and changing the priority from the flash drive No loading. Black a screen with a cursor. I tried all the options from Bios except for CD and USB USB FDD))) There is a download from the flash drive. Acer / 1 TV 6 RAM laptop.? What's wrong? Installation was successful, GRUB was not there, One OS Linux Mint 18.1 Cinnamon , Legacy in BOOT, I didn’t make any changes right away I left after installing a reboot,
Hello, Serge. Judging by your description, the problem lies in the GRUB bootloader. Changing the priority disk to start the PC does not help, you need to restore GRUB or install it if this did not happen during the installation. To do this, follow these instructions:
1. Insert the bootable USB flash drive into the computer and set it to priority in the BIOS. You can find out how to do this correctly from this article: / how-set-boot-from-flash-drive-bios /
2. From the Linux installer menu, select “Start Linux Mint”
3. Having entered the operating system desktop, open the “Terminal”. This can be done through the menu, which is located in the lower left corner of the screen.
4. In the "Terminal", run the command "lsblk".
5. As a result, a list of all partitions created on the hard disk appears. You need to find out the name of the root. You can do this by orienting yourself in the “MOUNTPOINT” column. Opposite the root section will be the symbol "/". At the same time, the disc will have a name like "sdXY", where instead of X there will be a Latin letter, and instead of a spark, there will be a number. Only the letter is important to us. Suppose you have a “sda” section (this often happens if only one hard drive is installed in the PC).
6. Having learned the name of the partition, you need to execute the command “sudo grub-install /dev/sda” in the “Terminal”. I recall that the partition may not be called “sda”, but, for example, “sdb” or “sdc”.
7. Wait until the GRUB installation is complete and run the last command: sudo update-grub.
After that, remove the USB flash drive from the computer and reboot it. The bootloader must be installed, and in it you will need to select Linux Mint to start. By the way, the images below show an example of the execution of all commands.
A fairly old software, with which you can not download the image, since in its database there are many Linux / GNU distributions (downloaded and written to the USB flash drive themselves), however, they are not always the latest version. Therefore, it is better to use your .iso file. Download it on the official Github page (https://unetbootin.github.io/) by selecting your OS.
The recording process is very simple, just make a few clicks: select your image through the explorer and click on the button OK, making sure that the flash drive is stuck in the connector of the motherboard and is correctly displayed in the system.
A removable drive is better to format before, although most software does this on its own. To do this, just right-click on it and select format. In the window that appears, you do not need to change anything.
After you finish extracting the files from .iso and installing the bootloader from the USB flash drive, you can boot into the Live version of Linux Mint.
Windows will no longer correctly display a bootable USB flash drive with Linux, which will make it impossible to format. Therefore, it is not recommended to carry out any additional manipulations.
The release of the stable version of Etcher was released in 2018. Interactions with this program also come down to a few clicks of the mouse, however, if problems sometimes arise with UNetbootin, Etcher performs its function without fail. You can download the software on the official website, which will immediately determine the OS used and offer the right version.
Etcher has a nice and modern design, unlike the outdated UNetbootin.
There is no need to configure anything, just click on the only active button "Select Image", select an image in the opened explorer. Then you can click on the button "Flash!".
At the end of the recording, the flash drive will become bootable.
Formatting a flash drive after all operations is best done on Linux.
How to change the boot priority from the hard drive to a USB flash drive through the BIOS can be found here.
After a reboot, the system will boot into the newly installed Linux Mint OS. Before you start using the system, you should install everything offered by the software update manager. To do this, you need to click on the shield icon, which is located in the taskbar.
Then it will be offered to configure "Timeshift" - Administration application with which you can create backup snapshots of the system. For greater security, it’s better to agree to the setting. You can do this in the update manager window or by running it yourself "Timeshift". In the installation wizard, it’s better to click on "Further", during which the size of the system will be estimated and the schedule for creating images will be selected. The best option is a daily level of shots.
No configurations in the setup wizard should be changed, except for the independent choice of the level of creation of images.
Now you need to do updates, which is extremely easy. Initially, only one update will be available: “The Linux Mint Update Manager”. After downloading it, all the others that are currently available will appear. They must be installed, as it contains newer versions of the Linux kernel, browsers, various applications, etc.
If the installation was successful, you can restart the computer and start operating the system.