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How to change the strings on the guitar? Instructions for replacing and installing new strings

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Every guitarist knows how to change strings on a guitar. One of the first guitar lessons on guitar is dedicated to instrument maintenance: tuning and replacing strings. You can also learn how to replace nylon strings without the help of a teacher: in this article we will tell you how to change nylon strings on a classical guitar.

How to change nylon strings

Dismantle the old strings. First loosen all six strings and begin dismantling. Some guitarists take off all the strings at once and put new ones in turn, others - take off the sixth and put the sixth, remove the fifth and put the fifth, etc. The method depends on the personal preferences of the guitarist.

To remove the string, twist the spike until you can get the string out of the hole in the spike. Then untwist the knot from the side of the holder and remove the string.

When you release the guitar from the strings, clean the instrument. In places under the strings, dust accumulates, which cannot be removed with tense strings, so do not miss the moment.

How to Stretch Nylon Strings

The order of string installation: sixth and first, fifth and second, fourth and third. Some musicians first set all the strings to the nut, and then in turn fix on the splitting.

Fasten the string to the nut as the first step. To do this, thread the string into the hole about ten to fifteen centimeters and make a knot, as indicated in the picture. Tighten the knot securely so that it does not come loose.

Having fixed the string on the nut, fix it on the splitting ring as well. Pass the string into the hole of the stake, make a kind of loop and thread the tip of the string into it. After that - pull the string by rotating the peg. Remember that the first and sixth strings are installed on the lower pegs, the third and fourth strings - on the upper.

When attaching the string to the splice, thread the tip eight to ten centimeters in case the string is damaged at the attachment point.

After installing the strings, tuck the tips that remained at the nut, as shown in the picture. This will add strength and make the appearance neat.

You can change the strings on the guitar (nylon) in half an hour, but tuning and putting the strings into working condition takes up to seven days. New nylon strings are tuned five to six times on the first day and second day, because they lose order due to being stretched.

Remember that for a classical guitar with nylon strings, the installation of metal strings is contraindicated. You will break the instrument (the bar will tilt, and then break out) if you put the metal on the classic. To play metal strings, get a Western guitar (popularly called “acoustics”), inside the neck of which is a metal rod that can withstand the tension of the strings.

Now you know how to stretch nylon strings on a classical guitar and are able to do it yourself.

How to change strings. Introductory information

String replacementOn guitar - An important and necessary procedure that every guitarist should learn. Sooner or later, in his practice, the moment comes when the string breaks, or ceases to sound due to excessive pollution. That is what is the signal for installing a new kit. The process is quite simple for itself, but it will take time to learn it perfectly. The most important thing is to do everything carefully and take your time.

First of all, it’s worth remembering a few simple rules that do not even apply to the process itself, but to general care of the tool. So:

  1. Most importantly, always change strings with whole sets. The fact is that they are specially selected for tension - it is balanced, and the entire thickness pulls the bar evenly. If on the guitar you break one string and you install on it not the whole set, but only the missing one, then the force ceases to be uniform, and because of this, for example, the 6th string may rattle.
  2. Initially, do not reach the strings, and start tuning only when all six pieces are installed and slightly tightened. This will avoid situations when a new kit breaks due to the fact that something turned out to be overtightened.
  3. For a more convenient string removal process, purchase a special spindle rotator. It is sold at any music store for a small price. This will greatly simplify and speed up your actions.

Loosen old strings

Pull the string and start twisting the peg. If her sound rises higher, it means she is pulled, and you should not rotate the accessories further. If it drops, then everything is true - continue to rotate in this direction until the rings wound around the peg weaken to such an extent that the string will just dangle and it can be pulled out of the hole in the accessories. Do the same for each string.

Remove the pegs

The next step is to pull out the pegs that hold the strings from below. A flat object, for example, a strong ruler, or an ordinary spoon in general, can help you with this. In addition, there is a special tool for this process. Do not try to pick them up with pliers - with a high probability the peg will break into two halves. Just pick it up from below and start pulling out with a lever. This should be done only after the strings are weakened as much as possible - so be careful. After all the pegs have been removed, fold them in one place and proceed to the next step.

Stripping old strings

Just pull out the old strings from the holes in the fittings, as well as from the holes for the pegs. Roll them up and set them aside - you can save them just in case as a spare kit, or you can throw them in the trash.

Wipe the guitar

After that, bring the guitar in order - wipe it with a dry cloth. Remove dirt on the neck. Check also his tension - is everything okay with him, remember whether he got along before that. If something like this happened, it is at this stage that the guitar neck is adjusted by rotating the anchor. In general, just clean the instrument a little from dirt, and then you can proceed directly to replacing the strings.

Unpacking a new kit

Release the new kit from all packaging. Typically, the manufacturer prepares the strings according to their serial numbers, or, for example, they make D’Addario, paint the balls at the base of the string with their own colors, making designations on the package itself. The strings are folded into a ring - unroll them and straighten them. After that, put them in the holes of the pegs - the end should get there with a small ring attached to the string. After that, fasten the pegs all the way. Put the end without a ball on the head of the neck, to the pegs on which the winding should take place.

Winding strings. We start with the sixth

So, you can start replacing the strings. Pass each of them into the hole of your stick. Start with the sixth. So, then take the main part of the string and wrap it around the axis of the stake so that its tip is under the turn. After that, already make a couple of movements with the hardware itself - so that the tip is fixed between the turns. It is not necessary to do this - the string will be completely kept out without a “knot”, however, this will minimize the probability that it will fly out during the game. Stretch the string, holding it slightly with your hand, but not to the end - it just needs to gain a foothold in the nut and stake.

After that, repeat the same manipulations with the rest of the strings. In the case of the sixth, fifth and fourth strings, twist the spike clockwise, and with the other three, vice versa. Overall, this is intuitive. Pay attention to the fact that if you did not stretch the strings all the way to the pegs, then this can happen without you, very sharply, with a characteristic sound. Do not be alarmed - this is also normal, but it is better to pre-pull the kit all the way into the lower mount.

Trim the excess

After that, how to string you finish - cut off with the tongs the tips sticking out of the pegs. This is done specifically so that they do not interfere with playing and tuning the instrument afterwards.

Guitar tuning after mounting

After the strings are conditionally stretched, proceed to tune the six-string guitar. This will take a little longer, as the strings will stretch in the process, but the tuner will help with this. Perform tuning only on it - in this case, hearing will not help. If you don’t have it at hand, you can download the application for guitar settings for android or iOS.

Generally, then place the instrument and let the strings settle on it. You may need to tweak the tool a couple of times, plus everything will quickly get frustrated at first. However, after a while everything will fall into place, and the new set will sound with overtones and ringing.

Take off the old strings

This happens exactly the same as on an acoustic guitar - just loosen them on the pegs and pull them out through the lower bridge. Please note that in this case there are no pegs - everything rests on small knots formed at one end of the string. Also, the strings can be dismantled by simply cutting them with wire cutters. After that, also wipe the guitar and check its anchor. If you learned how to choose a good guitar, and did just that - in general, problems should not arise with him.

New string installation

In general, everything happens in exactly the same way as in the case of an acoustic guitar. The only nuance is to fix the strings from the bottom - for this you need to form a knot, and thread the rest of the string into it after it is in the hole in the lower part of the bridge. Understanding how to do this is very simple - just look at how it was fixed initially.

Checklist for replacing and installing new strings

  1. Loosen old strings with pegs
  2. Pull out the pegs
  3. Take off the old strings
  4. Check the guitar - the condition of the neck and body, tighten the anchor,
  5. Wipe the guitar
  6. Place the end of the string with the hammer in the holes of the pegs, set them back, pull the string all the way into the pegs,
  7. Pull the strings
  8. Tune the guitar.

Beginner Tips

The most important advice - Take your time and do everything carefully and slowly. In addition, after installation and tuning, let the guitar rest a bit - the tree should take the form of string tension, the bar should fall into place. Do not overtighten the strings, but best of all - tighten them very slightly before tuning. This is necessary so that the new kit does not burst ahead of time.

What will be needed when replacing

So, to change the strings on an acoustic guitar, we need to prepare the following tools:

  • new strings (for my acoustic guitar my favorite are Elixir strings or Ernie Ball strings),
  • wipes
  • pliers or pliers,
  • a device for winding strings (hands are quite suitable),
  • lemon oil (optional),
  • a small box or other container in which you will put small parts,
  • tuner.

We remove the old strings

First we need take off old strings from the pegs. Many people think that just cutting them off is enough, but there are a number of reasons not to do this.

FirstlyThick and metal strings will be extremely difficult to cut. I personally tried to cut the strings with various cutting devices, from kitchen and tourist knives to nippers. These attempts led only to the fact that the strings either were bent, or the knives and wire cutters stupidly deteriorated.

BUT second reason Do not cut strings is the possibility of deformation of the neck. We will not go into details, as the explanation of this phenomenon will take us a lot of time and requires some additional reasoning, so just take this fact on faith.

In general, we realized that strings are not worth cutting. Now let's see how to shoot them correctly. If you are a complete beginner, then for starters you should familiarize yourself with the structure of the guitar.

We begin by completely weakening them. After loosening, remove the strings from the pegs. It’s almost impossible to make mistakes in this operation, so don’t be afraid.

Now we need to free the strings from the stand. In almost all pop guitars, this process is the same — you pull the pins out of the stand and remove the strings from the deck. Pins - these are plastic rivets, vaguely reminiscent of mushrooms, which are inserted into the stand behind the lower nut. It is easy to find them, since the strings go just under them.

We take out the pliers or pliers and pull them out. Do this carefully, as you can scratch the guitar or damage the pin itself. Remove the pins in a box so as not to lose them.

With classical guitars, the situation is slightly different. If you have nylon strings with tips, then you just pull them out of the stand and that's it. If not, then they should first be untied or cut.

Cleaning the guitar from dirt

Great - we got the old strings. But before you start installing new ones, you should clean my guitar, since all sorts of dirt also negatively affects the sound. We take napkins and carefully wipe the deck. If you really want to, you can moisten them a little, but no more. Using the same method, wipe the back of the neck and its head. You can also read more about caring for your guitar.

Next comes fingerboard cleaning - a completely separate song. Lubricate our wipes with lemon oil and begin to wipe the bar. Particular attention should be paid to cleaning the frets, because there accumulates a huge amount of all kinds of dirt and dust. Wipe very carefully.

And so, when the guitar regained its marketable appearance, we can begin to install new strings.

Tune the guitar after replacing the strings

And then everything is very simple. Take the tuner and start tuning the guitar. It makes sense to start with the 6th string, so you don't have to tune your guitar 300 times. When setting up do not twist sharply (this is especially true for thin strings), since there is a risk that the strings will burst due to too sharp tension.

After tuning, carefully place the guitar in the case and take it out after a couple of hours to adjust and check if the neck deflection has changed. We do this several times.

Done! We set the strings. I hope that after reading this article you have an idea that how to change the strings on the guitar.

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